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Learning & Development

What is learning and development (L&D)?

According to CIPD, learning and development is defined as the process that ensures "workers have the knowledge, skills and experience to fulfil individual and organisational needs and ambitions."

Leadership styles

How much do you know about the main leadership styles?

In this style, the leader makes decisions unilaterally, without input from the team. They have complete control over the group and dictate tasks, processes, and goals. This style can be effective in situations requiring quick decisions or in a crisis but may stifle creativity and teamwork.



Laissez-faire leaders adopt a hands-off approach, allowing team members to make most decisions on their own. They provide minimal guidance and trust their team's expertise. This style can be effective when working with a highly skilled and self-motivated group, but it may lead to chaos or lack of direction in other situations.


Transformational leaders inspire and motivate their teams through a compelling vision and by setting high standards. They encourage creativity, innovation, and personal growth among their followers. These leaders are known for their charisma and ability to bring about significant positive change.


Also known as participative leadership, this style involves the leader consulting with the team and involving them in decision-making processes. Team members have a say in setting goals, making decisions, and contributing to the direction of the group. This style often fosters collaboration and innovation.


Transactional leaders focus on rewards and punishments to motivate their team members. They establish clear expectations and use a system of rewards for meeting goals and penalties for failing to do so. This style can be effective for achieving short-term results but may not foster long-term motivation or innovation.


Servant leaders prioritize the needs of their team members above their own. They are dedicated to serving and supporting their team's growth and well-being. This style emphasizes empathy, humility, and a commitment to helping others succeed.



Charismatic leaders use their charm, personality, and strong communication skills to inspire and influence others. They often have a compelling vision and can rally people around a cause. However, this style can be risky if it relies too heavily on the leader's personality and lacks substance.


Situational leaders adapt their leadership style to match the specific needs of the situation and the development level of their team members. They may employ different styles depending on whether the task at hand requires guidance, coaching, support, or delegation.


Coaching leaders focus on helping their team members develop their skills and reach their full potential. They provide guidance, feedback, and opportunities for growth through mentoring and coaching.



Visionary leaders have a clear and inspiring vision for the future and motivate their team to work towards that vision. They are forward-thinking and excellent communicators, able to paint a vivid picture of what success will look like.

What is your leadership style?

Are you self-aware? Do you understand your own leadership style? Find out today by taking the leadership style questionnaire.


Looking for something else?

Explore additional content and resources:

L&D insights & templates

L&D tools

Break into L&D (recruitment tips)

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